The documents of military officer and very first U.S. president George Washington (1732-1799) held in the Manuscript Division for the Library of Congress constitute the collection that is largest of initial Washington documents on the planet. They comprise of around 65,000 products accumulated by Washington between 1745 and 1799, including communication, diaries, and economic and armed forces documents. The collection documents Washington’s childhood training, their very first career as being a surveyor, their experiences being a militia colonel throughout the French and Indian War, their election as a Virginia delegate into the very first and 2nd Continental Congresses, their role as basic associated with the Continental Army through the Revolutionary War, their presidency of this Constitutional Convention in 1787, his two terms as president (1789-1797), along with his your retirement. Additionally documented is their handling of Mount Vernon, their plantation house in Virginia, while the full everyday lives of their family members, servants, and slaves. Notable correspondents consist of John Adams, Benedict Arnold, Edward Braddock, Alexander Hamilton, John Hancock, Thomas Jefferson, therefore the Marquis de Lafayette. Due to the wide range of Washington’s passions, tasks, and correspondents, such as ordinary residents also as celebrated figures, their documents are a rich supply for pretty much all facets of colonial and life that is early american.
Description of Series
This assortment of George Washington Papers is arranged into nine show, that are given below. Extra information about a few of these series might be located into the Series Notes under the Articles and Essays tab.
Series 1, Exercise Books, Diaries, and website to write essays Surveys, ca. 1745-1799 Three workout books (school content books), ca.1745-1747, kept by Washington amongst the many years of about thirteen and fifteen; thirty-six regarding the diaries held by Washington from concerning the chronilogical age of sixteen until their death in 1799; and records and drawings documenting Washington’s very very early career as a surveyor, 1749-1752 and undated. To learn more, begin to see the Series Notes.
Series 2, Letterbooks, 1754-1799 Forty-one letterbooks employed by Washington to help keep copies of their communication, dating right from the start associated with French and Indian War until their death. To find out more, start to see the Series Notes.
Series 3, Varick Transcripts, 1775-1785 Forty-four letterbooks containing copies of this communication Washington accumulated as Commander of this Continental Army through the Revolutionary War. They certainly were produced by Richard Varick, at Washington’s way, in 1781-1785. Lots of the letters that are original copied from come in Series 4. to find out more, start to see the Series Notes.
Series 4, General Correspondence, 1697-1799 The series that is largest into the George Washington documents is made of 297 volumes containing initial letters to and from Washington. Additionally included are early household papers, speeches, armed forces instructions, farm reports, as well as other documents. Since Washington preserved drafts of his letters, making letterbook copies of both outbound and correspondence that is incoming their letters usually occur in numerous variations.
Series 5, Financial Papers, 1750-1796 Ledgers, journals, account books, money publications, pocket publications, receipts, invoices, and company correspondence filling thirty-four volumes. These document the funds of Washington’s public and private life; their plantation at Mount Vernon, such as the slaves whom lived and worked here; their army solution throughout the French and Indian War together with Revolutionary War; their presidency, along with his your your retirement. The papers that are financial have many detail by detail items of information regarding your family users, next-door neighbors, servants as well as other workers, slaves, physicians, merchants, and tradespeople he handled. To find out more, begin to see the Series Notes.
Series 6, Military Papers, 1755-1798 a collection that is miscellaneous of volumes dating through the French and Indian War, the United states Revolution, in addition to Quasi-War with France. Apart from an orderly guide Washington kept being an aide to General Edward Braddock through the French and Indian War and a Virginia Militia memorandum book, they are volumes that Washington accumulated during their army profession but would not produce himself. Many document the newest War and can include orderly books, including some captured through the Uk; interrogations of Uk deserters, lists of officers and conditions, court martial procedures of Captain Richard Lippincott, diaries, copies of letters, and a couple of published volumes of armed forces strategy. To learn more, see the Series Notes.
Series 7, Applications for Office, 1789-1796 Thirty-two volumes letters that are containing received from job-seekers while he ended up being president regarding the united states of america.
Series 8, Miscellaneous Papers, ca. 1775-1799 the things in Series 8 aren’t various in substance from manuscripts somewhere else in Washington’s documents. These people were filed individually just since they arrived during the collection individually through the majority of Washington’s papers. They consist of communication and notes that are miscellaneous 1757-1799; army commissions, honorary levels, along with other certificates, 1775-1798; study warrants, 1750-1752; and records Washington made on his reading, ca.1760-1799. To find out more, begin to see the Series Notes.
Series 9, Addenda, ca. 1732-1943 Washington material obtained since 1970, arranged by date of purchase, and things that had been taken from the initial eight series as extraneous.
Transcriptions Included with this Site
A number of Washington’s papers are supplemented with this web site by transcriptions through the posted editions down the page. There are a few discrepancies in date and text between documents in these posted editions and also the manuscript pictures. It is because in many cases editors of this published editions used a draft that is different usually the one the Library of Congress has. In other situations archivists at the Library of Congress and editors for the editions that are published at various interpretations of times, correspondents, or any other information. Except for Jackson and Twohig’s version associated with Diaries, these are older editions, utilized because they’re away from copyright or else into the general public domain. For citations to contemporary editions of Washington’s documents, look at bibliography in associated Resources.